Volume 4, Number 4 (17 2005)                   ijdld 2005, 4(4): 27-36 | Back to browse issues page


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Maghbouli Z, Hossein-nezhad A, Larijani B. THE PREDICTIVE FACTORS FOR POSTPARTUM DIABETES MELLITUS AFTER GESTATIONAL DIABETES. ijdld. 2005; 4 (4) :27-36
URL: http://ijdld.tums.ac.ir/article-1-391-en.html

Abstract:   (4879 Views)
Background: Women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) have a reported 3% to 65% risk of developing type 2 diabetes. This study aims to identify the factors in GDM patients which can predict the risk of postpartum impaired glucose tolerance (T2DM+IGT) and T2DM.
Methods: A cohort study was conducted on 2416 pregnant women referred to five university hospital clinics. The universal screening was performed with a GCT- 50g and those with plasma glucose level  130mg/dl, were diagnosed as GDM if they had an impaired GTT-100g based on Carpenter and Coustan criteria. All pregnancies were followed until delivery. Available GDM patients underwent an OGTT-75gr within 6 to 12 weeks after delivery. Postpartum diabetes mellitus was diagnosed according to ADA criteria.
Results: Such factors as FBS105 during pregnancy, insulin requirement during pregnancy and BMI≥27kg/m2 before pregnancy were more prevalent in postpartum diabetic patients as compared with normal controls, significantly. Multivariate analysis suggested that gestational requirement for insulin and BMI≥27kg/m2 were the best predictors for developing postpartum diabetes. Also history of abortion, gestational requirement for insulin and BMI≥27kg/m2 were the best predictors for postpartum IGT.
Conclusion: Women with GDM have a substantially increased risk of developing postpartum IGT or diabetes. High glucose levels, insulin requirement during pregnancy, history of abortion and BMI≥27kg/m2 are the best predictors for postpartum diabetes and IGT.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2005/07/13 | Accepted: 2005/09/30 | Published: 2013/10/1

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