Volume 3, Issue 1 (16 2004)                   ijdld 2004, 3(1): 1-5 | Back to browse issues page

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Yarahmadi S, Larijani B, Javadi E, Bastan Hagh M, Pajouhi M, Malekzadeh R, et al . ANTIGLIADIN ANTIBODY IN DIABETIC PATIENTS. ijdld. 2004; 3 (1) :1-5
URL: http://ijdld.tums.ac.ir/article-1-448-en.html
Abstract:   (5310 Views)
Celiac disease and typel diabetes mellirus have been linked to the same HLA markers and chromosomal loci, which may account for the concurrence of the two disorders in a significant number of patients. This study was designed to investigate the frequency of anti-gliadin antibodies, a marker for celiac disease, in diabetic patients.
Methods: In this study, 182 diabetic patients (52 with typel and 130 with type2 diabetes) were screened for anti-gliadin IgG by indirect immunofluorescence. Age range was 3-29.5 and 42-65 years for type 1 and type 2 diabetes groups.
Results: Anti-gliadin IgG was found in 1.9% and 1.5% of patients with type land type 2 diabetes. In Tehran, 0.02% of healthy blood donors have been reported to be seropositivitive for anti-gliadin IgG.
Conclusion: The prevalence of anti-gliadin seropositivity in type 1 and type 2 diabetics, was respectively 30 and 24 times higher than the general population of Tehran. This concurs with other reports indicating higher occurrence of celiac disease in diabetic populations. The rather low sensitivity and specificity (both around 80%) of the antigliadin antibody test has made it a suboptimal diagnostic test. However, it is quick and inexpensive and can be suitable for screening programs. We recommend the test in all at-risk populations including diabetics.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Published: 2013/09/11

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