Volume 1, Number 2 (18 2002)                   ijdld 2002, 1(2): 159-164 | Back to browse issues page

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Hossein-Nezhad A, Larijani B. HYPERTENSIVE DISORDERS IN GESTATIONAL DIABETES MELLITUS. ijdld. 2002; 1 (2) :159-164
URL: http://ijdld.tums.ac.ir/article-1-489-en.html

Abstract:   (6785 Views)
Introduction: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is defined as carbohydrate intolerance occurring or detected for the first time during pregnancy. Hypertension occurring as a result of pregnancy is called pregnancy-induced hypertension (PIH), which is itself divided into two groups: gestational hypertension and pre-eclampsia. The aim of this study is to compare the incidence of hypertensive disorders in patients with GDM and controls.
Methods: This is a case-control study of 2416 pregnant women attending 5 antenatal clinics attached to Tehran University of Medical Sciences. The universal two-step screening approach was used: first, all women underwent a 50-gram 1-hour glucose challenge test second, all women with a 1-hour blood glucose concentration higher than 130mg/dl underwent a 100-gram, 3 hour oral glucose tolerance test. Carpenter and Coustan’s criteria were used to diagnose GDM. 220 women with a normal glucose challenge test were chosen as controls. GDM cases and controls were matched for age, body mass index, parity, and gestational age.
Results: 114 women overall were diagnosed with GDM. Mean age, BMI, and parity in GDM and control groups were 29.09±6.13 and 28.64±6.00 years, 27.43±4.33 and 26.64±1.8 kg/m2, and 1.79 and 1.52 births, respectively. Women with GDM had a higher prevalence of essential hypertension, PIH, and pre-eclampsia than matched controls.
Conclusion: Our results show that hypertensive disorders are more common in women with GDM than in normoglycaemic controls of similar age, parity and BMI.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Published: 2013/09/9

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