Volume 17, Issue 1 (3-2018)                   ijdld 2018, 17(1): 13-22 | Back to browse issues page

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Fani N, Mohebbi B, Sadeghi R, Tol A, Shamshiri A. ASSESSING THE EFFECT OF EDUCATIONAL INTERVENTION ON PROMOTING NUTRITION ADHERENCE AMONG PATIENTS WITH TYPE 2 DIABETES REFEREE TO SOUTH HEALTH CENTER OF TEHRAN UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES: APPLICATION OF HEALTH BELIEF MODEL. ijdld. 2018; 17 (1) :13-22
URL: http://ijdld.tums.ac.ir/article-1-5571-en.html
1- Health Education,Evening Courses, Department of Health Education and Promotion, School of Public Heath, Tehran Univerity of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
2- Cardiovascular Intervention Research Center, Rajaie Cardiovascular Medical and Research Center, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
3- Health Education,Evening Courses, Department of Health Education and Promotion, School of Public Heath, Tehran Univerity of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran , sadeghir@tums.ac.ir
4- Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Heath, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran
Abstract:   (2100 Views)

Background: Adherence to diet is one of the basis of diabetes management in patients with diabetes. Regarding to diabetes control, healthy lifestyle including nutritional behaviors, play an important role in preventing and managing diabetes. However, compliance with a diabetic diet is one of the most important challenges in diabetes control. This study aimed at determining the effect of educational intervention on promoting nutrition adherence among patients with type 2 diabetes referee to south health center of Tehran University of Medical Sciences based on Health Belief Model.
Methods: This interventional study was performed with216 type 2 diabetes patients as population study who referred to health centers in south of Tehran. Participants were randomly allocated to intervention and control groups.
Questionnaires were completed by both groups at baseline, three and six months after intervention. Intervention group received intervention including during the month, six training sessions for 45 to 60 minutes for group training and Q & A With the package held at meetings to assess the diabetes-related complications. SPSS software version 22 utilized to data analysis using t-test and repeated measure analysis. Significance level was set less than 0.05.
Results: Before the intervention, demographics and HBM constructs model were not significantly different in two groups. In intervention group, there were statistically significant differences between all parts of HBM after educational intervention (perceived susceptibility (p <0.001), perceived severity (p <0.001), perceived benefits (p <0.001), perceived barriers (p <0.001), cues to action (p <0.001)), also nutrition adherence (p <0.001) and HbA1c. there was no significant differences in control group after intervention.
Conclusion: According to study results, it can be concluded that education through Health Belief Model can be effective to follow in terms of improved nutrition among patients with type 2 diabetes.
 

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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2016/11/14 | Accepted: 2017/10/9 | Published: 2018/03/18

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