Volume 5 - Vol5,Medical Ethics and History of Medicine                   ijdld 2005, 5 - Vol5,Medical Ethics and History of Medicine: 51-59 | Back to browse issues page

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Abstract:   (4434 Views)
Background: In current medical practice and medical research, most prophylactic, diagnostic and therapeutic procedures involve risks and burdens, ethical standards protect and promote health and rights of human subjects. It is required for researchers and as well as research providers and users of research results to be aware of these standards.
Methods: In this article, international regulations including Nuremberg code (1974), declaration of world medical association of Helsinki, CIOMS Guidelines briefly be reviewed at the first then after some questions about it and answers and, national ethical regulation will be reviewed.
Results: The Nuremberg code (1974) is the first and the Helsinki Declaration (1964) is the most important and valid international ethical standards. That 5th amendment of the latter performed at October 2000 and WHO/CIOMS Guidelines prepared (1982, 1992 and 2000) for its performance in different countries with different situations. The first national ethical regulation for medical researches in Iran is perhaps "medical research regulation" in 1992. Establishment of the "National Ethical Committee in Medical Research" (1998) and compiling the "Codes for Protecting Human Subjects involved in Medical Research" (2000) can help medical research providers for ethical decision making.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2013/10/9 | Accepted: 2013/10/9 | Published: 2013/10/9