Volume 6, Issue 3 (17 2007)                   ijdld 2007, 6(3): 293-300 | Back to browse issues page

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Safaei H, Amini M. CONTROL OF DYSLIPIDEMIA AMONG TYPE 2 DIABETIC PATIENTS IN ISFAHAN, 5 YEARS FOLLOW-UP (1999-2003). ijdld. 2007; 6 (3) :293-300
URL: http://ijdld.tums.ac.ir/article-1-321-en.html
Abstract:   (5803 Views)

Background: Type 2 diabetic patients have higher risk for death from coronary heart diseases than non-diabetic patients. Studies have revealed showed intensive treatment of hyperglycemia only have a small effect on CVD risk. Other risk factors such as Lipid abnormality play a leading role in the increased CVD risk associated with diabetes. The aim of this study was to assess the quality of lipid control and treatment in type 2 diabetic patient with dyslipidemia. 

Methods: We studied Data from 602 type 2 diabetic patients who had at least four regular clinic visits every year for medical care in outpatient clinics of Isfahan Endocrinology and Metabolism Research Center, 1999-2003. Patients for Classified in three groups according to lipid levels as low, moderate and high risk. ADA )American Diabetes Association) standard criteria were used for appropriate lipid control.

Results: The mean age, duration of diabetes, HbA1c and BMI were 52.2±9.5 years, 6.8±4.6 years, 9.2±1.7% and 29.4±4.2 Kg/m2 respectively at initial registration. Eighty four percent of patient had LDL cholesterol above 100 mg/dl and 71% had triglyceride level >150 mg/dl, of these patients 47.8% and 41.6% had high risk levels and only 12.4% taking statins and 21.5% taking fibrate for treatment  at end of study. Among hyperlipidemic patients levels of LDL-C decreased from 170.8±35.6 mg/dl to119±30.20 (p < .001), triglyceride decreased from 273.8±126 to225.2±97 mg/dl (P<0.004) and HDL-C increased from 43.3±10.6 to 48.4±14.1mg/dl ((P<0.6). Percentage change of lipid level was -35.8%, -17.7% and +7.3% respectively. At the end of fallow-up 50.4% of patients treated with statins and 14.7% with fibrate. Finally, overall control of cholesterol and triglyceride in patients with dyslipidemia was 30% and 37% respectively.

Conclusion: Our findings showed that many of type 2 diabetic patients with dyslipidemia have inadequate control of lipid and lipoprotein. The prevalence of cardiovascular events due to hyperlipidemia in type 2 diabetic patients is high. This fact demonstrates the importance of early interventions for control and treatment these risk factors for prevention of cardiovascular complication in this patients.

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Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2007/02/5 | Accepted: 2007/04/15 | Published: 2013/10/15

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