Volume 16, Issue 4 (9-2017)                   ijdld 2017, 16(4): 191-200 | Back to browse issues page

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Taheri tanjani P, Sharifi F, Nazari N, Rahim F, Fakhrzadeh H, Arzaghi S M, et al . HEALTH STATUS OF ELDERLY PEOPLE IN KHUZESTAN: A CROSS-SECTIONAL STUDY. ijdld. 2017; 16 (4) :191-200
URL: http://ijdld.tums.ac.ir/article-1-5418-en.html
1- Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
2- Elderly Health Research Center, Endocrinology and Metabolism Research Institute, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
3- مرکز تحقیقات سلامت سالمندان، پژوهشکده‌ی علوم جمعیتی غدد و متابولیسم
4- Research Centre of Thalassemia and Hemoglobinopathies, Health Research Institute, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran
5- School of Medicine, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran
Abstract:   (1739 Views)
Background: Older people are vulnerable in terms of health status. The elderly`s Khuzestan due to the very warm weather of this region are more at risk for health problems. This study is a report on the health status of the elderly in Khuzestan province in 2012.
Methods: This is a Cross-sectional study, with multi-level proportional cluster Random sampling among people aged ≤ 60 years of Khuzestan province. Nutritional status was assessed by Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA), depressed mood screening was conducted with Geriatric Depression Scale-15 questionnaire, activities of daily living was evaluated using KATZ ADL and Lawton Instrumental ADL tools.
Results: In this study, 387 people participated. The prevalence of hypertension, diabetes mellitus, depressed mood, and anxiety in the participants, were 38.8%, 28.6%, 34.9 and 38.7, respectively. Hearing loss reported in 33.9% and vision impairment was in 62.2% of the participants. Memory impaired founded in 14.9% of the participants.  4.3% of the elderly suffered from malnutrition and 48.3% were at risk of malnutrition. Dysfunction in ADL were existed in 13.9% and 30.3% of the participants had some degrees of dysfunction in IADL.
Poly pharmacy (consumed more than 3 medications) was observed in 36.5% of older adults in this province. The most common health services need was medical services at home and then transport services.
Conclusion: Although the health status of the elderly in Khuzestan province  generally was not worse than the average of Iran, it needs that a special pay attention in some areas, such as hypertension, diabetes, nutritional status and lack of independence in activities of daily living in this age group.
 
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2015/10/4 | Accepted: 2016/12/14 | Published: 2017/09/28

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