Volume 4, Issue 1 (17 2004)                   ijdld 2004, 4(1): 73-83 | Back to browse issues page

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Fakhrzadeh H, Pourebrahim R, Bandarian F, Heshmat R, Djalilpour F, Noori M, et al . CARDIOVASCULAR SCREENING OF CHILDREN AND PARENTS IN HIGH-RISK FAMILIES. ijdld. 2004; 4 (1) :73-83
URL: http://ijdld.tums.ac.ir/article-1-430-en.html
Abstract:   (8194 Views)
Background: Cardiovascular disease is one of the major leading cause of death in Iran. There is a strong association between parental history of cardiovascular disease clustering of risk factors in the offspring. Detection and treatment of cardiovascular risk factors since childhood is essential to reduce the incidence of disease in adulthood. This study was performed to identify major cardiovascular risk factors in middle school-aged children and their parents in high risk compared to control families.
Methods: The middle schools of the 6th of Tehran were divided randomly into two groups. A total of 169 high-risk children with their families were recruited from the first group while 105 control children with their families were recruited from the second group of schools. Coronary risk factor survey was performed in the participants.
Results: Prevalence of increased total- and LDL-cholesterol and high FBS were higher in high-risk parents and children. Prevalence of increased BMI was higher in fathers and children of high-risk families. More fathers in high-risk families were smoker. The means of waist circumference and WHR were significantly higher in high-risk fathers. The means of total- and LDL- cholesterol were significantly higher both in parents and children of high-risk group. The means of FBS were significantly higher in fathers and offspring of high-risk families. Conclusion: Cardiovascular risk factors are more prevalent and clustered in high-risk families. Screening of these families is essential to prevent progression of cardiovascular disease since childhood and reduce its burden in adulthood.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2004/10/5 | Accepted: 2004/11/28 | Published: 2013/09/19

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